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Maurice J. Zucrow papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Writings and Research, 1925-1976

Reference Books, 1909-1941

Lecture Notes, circa 1943-1944

Correspondence and Employment Information, 1953-1974



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Maurice J. Zucrow papers, 1925-1965 | Purdue University Libraries, Archives and Special Collections

By Mary A. Sego

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Collection Overview

Title: Maurice J. Zucrow papers, 1925-1965Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1940s-1960s

Primary Creator: Zucrow, Maurice J. (Maurice Joseph) (1899-1975)

Extent: 3.4 Cubic feet. More info below.

Arrangement:

The papers are organized into four series:

1.  Writings and Research, 1925-1976 (2.0 cubic feet).  This series is comprised of Purdue University Engineering Experiment Station bulletins, reports, papers, and books authored or co-authored by Zucrow. Many include his annotations or are copies Zucrow designated as “master copy.”  There is also one article, featuring Zucrow from Campus Copy; “Pioneer in Jet Propulsion.”

Materials in the series are arranged by type of publication and chronologically within each type.     

2.  Reference Books, 1909-1941 (0.8 cubic feet).  The first part of this series contains textbooks Zucrow most likely used as a student, and many include his notations in the marginalia. Eleven books are from Zucrow’s personal library. Three books are by colleagues, Nobel Laureate, Herbert C. Brown and Raymond Cohen and include author inscriptions to Maurice and Lillian Zucrow.

3.  Lecture Notes, circa 1943-1944 (0.50 cubic feet).  This series contains the lecture notes from Zucrow’s time at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he taught “ESMWT” (Engineering, Science, and Management War Training) courses on jet propulsion and gas turbines, introducing hundreds of aeronautical engineers to the critical technology of propulsion. Included is one binder of Zucrow's lectures (1-13) for his "Principles of Jet Propulsion" course, along with a second binder titled, “Course at University of California by Dr. M.J. Zucrow, Lectures 8–13.”

4.  Correspondence, 1953-1974 (0.2 cubic feet).  The correspondence is comprised of letters of appreciation from Zucrow’s former students, “Docs Boys,” sent upon his retirement from Purdue University, and others from family and friends sent for his 75th birthday. There are also miscellaneous employment forms and related correspondence from throughout his career.

Date Acquired: 05/01/2013. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Aerojet-General Corporation, Flight Archives at Purdue University, Mechanical engineering, Mechanical engineering--Study and teaching, Purdue University--Faculty, Purdue University. Jet Propulsion Center, Purdue University. School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue University. Thermal Sciences and Propulsion Center (Zucrow Laboratories)

Forms of Material: Articles, Books, Bulletins, Lecture notes, Letters (Correspondence), Publications

Languages: English

Abstract

The papers document Maurice J. Zucrow’s writings, reference books, lecture notes from, "Principles of Jet Propulsion" course at the University of California for the “ESMWT” (Engineering, Science, and Management War Training) Program, along with correspondence (letters of appreciation) from “Docs Boys,” sent upon his retirement, and others from family and friends sent for his 75th birthday. There are also employment forms from throughout his career.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Maurice J. Zucrow papers (1909-1976; 3.4 cubic feet) document aspects of Zucrow’s career in the areas of gas turbines and rocket propulsion. Included among the papers are his authored or co-authored reports, papers, books, and Purdue University Engineering Experiment Station bulletins. Many of the books include his annotations or copies Zucrow designated as “master copy,” with extensive marginalia. Also included are some of the textbooks Zucrow used as a student, and other reference books he used in his career. There are three reference books by colleagues, Nobel Laureate, Herbert C. Brown and Raymond Cohen and include author inscriptions to Maurice and Lillian Zucrow.

Among the papers are lecture notes from Zucrow’s time at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he taught “ESMWT” (Engineering, Science, and Management War Training) courses on jet propulsion and gas turbines, introducing hundreds of aeronautical engineers in the Los Angeles area to the critical technology of propulsion.

Lastly, the correspondence is comprised of letters of appreciation from his former students, “Doc’s Boys,” sent upon his retirement, and other personal letters from family and friends sent for Zucrow’s 75th birthday. There are also employment forms and related correspondence from throughout his career.

Types of materials include: books, bulletins, correspondence, lecture notes, marginalia, publications, and reference books.

Collection Historical Note

Maurice J. Zucrow was born in Kiev, Russia in 1899. His family came to the United States in 1912. He enrolled at Harvard University and received his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering in 1922 and his master’s in 1923. Zucrow received Purdue University’s first Mechanical Engineering Ph.D. in 1928 with a thesis titled, Discharge Characteristics of Submerged Jets.

After receiving his doctorate, Zucrow left Purdue in 1929 and acquired an outstanding reputation in industry, particularly in the areas of gas turbines and rocket propulsion. He played an important part in the research and development of the nation’s first gas turbine, built by the Elliott Company in 1942. During World War II, he also helped develop Aerojet Engineering Company’s JATO rocket, used by seaplanes to assist takeoff under adverse conditions. While working at Aerojet, Zucrow was asked to teach a course in jet propulsion theory to engineers in the aircraft industry. The course, part of the Engineering, Science, and Management War Training Program (ESMWT) was taught at the University of California, Los Angeles, circa, 1943-1944.

In April 1946, Zucrow accepted Purdue’s offer to return to West Lafayette, and he immediately began forming a course in jet propulsion. Since power plants had always played an important role in the Mechanical Engineering curriculum, the School of Mechanical Engineering proposed to hire Zucrow to take the lead in developing the jet propulsion field at Purdue. Since the knowledge of jet-propelled engines was essential for Aeronautical Engineering graduates at the time, Professor Bruhn proposed that Professor Zucrow be a member of both the Mechanical Engineering and Aero facilities, and that jet propulsion education and research be a cooperative program between the two schools. The proposal was accepted by the administration.

In 1947 Professor Zucrow’s main efforts were devoted to developing the undergraduate and graduate courses in gas turbines and jet propulsion, and he prepared the initial sets of notes for these courses, with the exception of the laboratory course.  By 1948, his groundbreaking text, Principles of Jet Propulsion and Gas Turbines, was published. The first textbook in the field, it extended Zucrow’s influence to engineering students throughout the world. By 1950 Zucrow and his associates from both the Aero and M.E. Schools had completed the first and second units of the rocket engine laboratory which was located near the west boundary of the Purdue Airport, and graduate study and research were well underway. Professor Zucrow’s efforts led to one of the most complete university laboratory’s in the United States. Professor Zucrow continued to make many valuable contributions to the School of Aeronautics, until he decided to join the Purdue Mechanical Engineering faculty full time in 1953.

At the time of his retirement from Purdue University in 1966, Professor Zucrow was responsible for the education of many students who have contributed much to rocket propulsion technology.

Zucrow passed away in 1975.

Biographical Note

Maurice J. Zucrow was born in Kiev, Russia in 1899. His family came to the United States in 1912. He enrolled at Harvard University and received his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering in 1922 and his master’s in 1923. Zucrow received Purdue University’s first Mechanical Engineering Ph.D. in 1928 with a thesis titled, Discharge Characteristics of Submerged Jets.

After receiving his doctorate, Zucrow left Purdue in 1929 and acquired an outstanding reputation in industry, particularly in the areas of gas turbines and rocket propulsion. He played an important part in the research and development of the nation’s first gas turbine, built by the Elliott Company in 1942. During World War II, he also helped develop Aerojet Engineering Company’s JATO rocket, used by seaplanes to assist takeoff under adverse conditions.  While working at Aerojet, Zucrow was asked to teach a course in jet propulsion theory to engineers in the aircraft industry. The course, part of the Engineering, Science, and Management War Training Program (ESMWT) was taught at the University of California, Los Angeles, 1943-1944.

In April 1946, Zucrow accepted Purdue’s offer to return to West Lafayette, and he immediately began forming a course in jet propulsion. Since power plants had always played an important role in the Mechanical Engineering curriculum, the School of Mechanical Engineering proposed to hire Zucrow to take the lead in developing the jet propulsion field at Purdue. Since the knowledge of jet-propelled engines was essential for Aeronautical Engineering graduates at the time, Professor Bruhn proposed that Professor Zucrow be a member of both the Mechanical Engineering and Aero facilities, and that jet propulsion education and research be a cooperative program between the two schools. The proposal was accepted by the administration.

In 1947 Professor Zucrow’s main efforts were devoted to developing the undergraduate and graduate courses in gas turbines and jet propulsion, and he prepared the initial sets of notes for these courses, with the exception of the laboratory course.  By 1948, his groundbreaking text, Principles of Jet Propulsion and Gas Turbines, was published. The first textbook in the field, it extended Zucrow’s influence to engineering students throughout the world. By 1950 Zucrow and his associates from both the Aero and M.E. Schools had completed the first and second units of the rocket engine laboratory which was located near the west boundary of the Purdue Airport, and graduate study and research were well underway. Professor Zucrow’s efforts led to one of the most complete university laboratory’s in the United States. Professor Zucrow continued to make many valuable contributions to the School of Aeronautics, until he decided to join the Purdue Mechanical Engineering faculty full time in 1953.

At the time of his retirement from Purdue University in 1966, Professor Zucrow was responsible for the education of many students who have contributed much to rocket propulsion technology.

Zucrow passed away in 1975.

Subject/Index Terms

Aerojet-General Corporation
Flight Archives at Purdue University
Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering--Study and teaching
Purdue University--Faculty
Purdue University. Jet Propulsion Center
Purdue University. School of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Purdue University. Thermal Sciences and Propulsion Center (Zucrow Laboratories)

Administrative Information

Repository: Purdue University Libraries, Archives and Special Collections

Accruals:

20160711

20170207

Alternate Extent Statement: 9 mss. boxes

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Purdue University

Acquisition Method:

Eleven books from Zucrow’s personal library were donated February 7, 2017, by Mark Cohen, grandson of Maurice J. Zucrow.

Lecture notes binder 1, originally part of the Charles M. Ehresman papers, donated by Alecia A. Wiltgen, May 1, 2013. Lecture notes binder 2, originally part of the Purdue University Maurice J. Zucrow Laboratories Library reference materials, donated by Steven Heister, Director and Jennifer Ulutas, Secretary, July 11, 2016.

The three Engineering Experiment Station Bulletins were originally part of the Purdue Archives Faculty Folder collections (Box 34, MSF 428).

Some of the Zucrow publications were originally part of the Charles M. Ehresman papers, donated by Alecia A. Wiltgen, May 1, 2013.

Related Materials:

Maurice J. Zucrow Oral History transcript, Box 5, Folder 6, Purdue Office of Publications Oral History Program collection, Karnes Archives and Special Collections, Purdue University Libraries

Charles M. Ehresman papers: https://apps.lib.purdue.edu/archon/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=1757&q=Ehresman

Charles Ehresman Oral History, Part 1:

http://earchives.lib.purdue.edu/cdm/ref/collection/oralhist/id/75

Charles Ehresman Oral History, Part 2:

http://earchives.lib.purdue.edu/cdm/ref/collection/oralhist/id/77

Preferred Citation: MSF 428, Maurice J. Zucrow papers, Archives and Special Collections, Purdue University Libraries

Processing Information: All materials have been housed in acid-free folders and acid-free boxes.

Finding Aid Revision History: Updates to processing made 2016.

Other Note: Call # TL709 .Z8 1948

Other URL: http://collections.lib.purdue.edu/fa/pdf/msf428_zucrow_m.pdf


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Writings and Research, 1925-1976],
[Series 2: Reference Books, 1909-1941],
[Series 3: Lecture Notes, circa 1943-1944],
[Series 4: Correspondence and Employment Information, 1953-1974],
[All]


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Writings and Research, 1925-1976],
[Series 2: Reference Books, 1909-1941],
[Series 3: Lecture Notes, circa 1943-1944],
[Series 4: Correspondence and Employment Information, 1953-1974],
[All]


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