By Michael Maune
Photographs documenting astronaut corps, NASA administration, and Saturn missile in the 1960s.
Scope and Contents of the Materials
The Paul Roscoe collection of astronaut photographs (circa 1960s; 0.2 cubic feet) documents members of the NASA astronaut corps, NASA administration, and the Saturn missile. It includes both headshots and group photographs of various NASA personnel from the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs. The headshots are solely of astronauts, some in their spacesuits. One notable photograph shows the Saturn missile, which was used during the Apollo missions to the moon, sitting at the launch pad. Types of materials include: color photographs. The photographs are organized into a single folder with original order maintained.
History of Mercury Seven Astronauts:
The Mercury Seven Astronauts were the first Americans in space. They participated in the Mercury program, announced in 1958, which had three objectives: “to place a human spacecraft into orbital flight around Earth, observe human performance in such conditions, and recover the human and the spacecraft safely” (Garber). These first astronauts went through a rigorous selection process from a pool of 508 test pilot candidates. In the end, NASA chose seven pilots for the program: Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., John H. Glenn, Jr., Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Alan B. Shepard, Jr., and Donald K. "Deke" Slayton. In total, the Mercury Seven completed six human spaceflights from 1961-1963. Slayton, however, was grounded on account of a “previously undiscovered heart condition” (Garber). Their missions were instrumental for later human spaceflight programs like Gemini and the famous Apollo missions to the moon (Garber).
Garber, Steve. “The 40th Anniversary of the Mercury Seven.” NASA History Program Office. NASA, November 2009. Web 7 March 2012.
Purdue University Libraries, Archives and Special Collections
© 2012, National Aeronautical and Space Administration
All materials have been housed in polyester sleeves, acid-free folders, and acid-free boxes.
Box and Folder Listing Browse by Item:
[Item 1: Group photograph of NASA administration and personnel for Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs, March 1, 1963
[Item 2: Saturn Missile, circa 1960s
[Item 3: Photo of astronauts in flight gear in front of Air Force fighter, circa 1960s
[Item 4: Astronaut Walter Schirra, circa 1960s
[Item 5: Scott Carpenter, circa 1960s
[Item 6: Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, circa 1960s
[Item 7: Gus Grissom, circa 1960s
[Item 8: John Glenn, circa 1960s
[Item 9: Alan Sheppard, circa 1960s
[Item 10: Don Slayton, circa 1960s
- Item 1: Group photograph of NASA administration and personnel for Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs, March 1, 1963
- National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington 25, D.C. For Release: Friday PM March 1, 1963 NASA Photo No. 63-Astro Trainees-1 Seated left to right – L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., Virgil I. Grissom, M. Scott Carpenter, Walter M. Schirra, Jr., John H. Glenn, Jr., Alan B. Shepard, Jr., and Donald K. Slayton, all original Project Mercury flight personnel. Standing left to right – Edward H. White, II, James A. McDivitt, John W. Young, Elliot M. See, Jr., Charles Conrad, Jr. Frank Borman, Neil A. Armstrong, Thomas P. Stafford, and James A. Lovell, Jr., all selected in September, 1962, to join the Original Seven in the Gemini and Apollo projects.
- Item 2: Saturn Missile, circa 1960s
- This will be used for the Apollo project, to put 3 men on the moon
- Item 3: Photo of astronauts in flight gear in front of Air Force fighter, circa 1960s
- Scott Carpenter, Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Walter Schirra, Alan Sheppard, Donald Slayton
- Item 4: Astronaut Walter Schirra, circa 1960s
- 6 Orbits #5
- Item 5: Scott Carpenter, circa 1960s
- 3 Orbits #4
- Item 6: Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, circa 1960s
- 22 Orbits #6
- Item 7: Gus Grissom, circa 1960s
- Repeated Sheppards Flight #2
- Item 8: John Glenn, circa 1960s
- 3 Orbits #3
- Item 9: Alan Sheppard, circa 1960s
- First man put in space, No orbits #1
- Item 10: Don Slayton, circa 1960s
- No flights made—Heart condition