Jiaxian, Deng (1924-1986) | Purdue University Libraries, Archives and Special Collections
Deng Jiaxian was born on June 25, 1924 in Huaining, Anhui Province, and died on July 29, 1986 in Beijing. He was a nuclear physics expert and academician of the China Academy of Sciences.
He graduated from the physics department of the National South-West Associated University in 1945. In 1950, 26-year-old Deng was granted a doctorate in physics from Purdue University. He returned to China the advanced physics knowledge at that time.
He was the deputy researcher of Modern Physics Institute of China Academy of Sciences, deputy academic secretary of Physics, Math and Chemistry Department of China Academy of Sciences, President, vice president and researcher of the Ninth Research and Design Institute under the Ministry of Nuclear Industry, deputy director of the Ministry of Nuclear Industry, deputy director of the Science and Technique Advisory Committee under Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense.
Deng Jiaxian, who devoted his youth to the construction of China's nuclear defense force, made great contributions to the development of China's atom and hydrogen bombs. Deng spent 28 years in the forefront of China's nuclear weapons' development.
Deng solved a series of theoretic problems with practical meaning, covering the areas of nuclear physics, theoretical physics, plasma physics, statistical physics, neutronics and hydrodynamics. He also made significant contributions to the research and tests of other new-type nuclear weapons.
Deng won the top prize of State Natural Science Award in 1982, two state-level Science and Technology Progress Awards in 1985, and the honorary title of National Model Worker in 1986. Deng won the special prize of National Science and Technology Progress Awards in 1987 and 1989, respectively. In 1999, the CPC Central Committee, State Council and the Military Commission of the CPC Central Committee decided to grant Deng Jiaxian the special prize of "Two Bombs and One Satellite Award".
Deng passed away in 1986 because of cancer. In the last month of his life, the 28-year-secret experience of this famous scientist was revealed, and his reputation of being the "Founding Father of China's A-Bomb" began to spread in China.
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